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Wikipedia on Synthetic Biology wrote:Synthetic DNA
Main articles: Artificial gene synthesis and Synthetic genomics
Driven by dramatic decreases in costs of making oligonucleotides ("oligos"), the sizes of DNA constructions from oligos have increased to the genomic level. For example, in 2000, researchers at Washington University reported synthesis of the 9.6 kbp (kilo base pair) Hepatitis C virus genome from chemically synthesized 60 to 80-mers. In 2002 researchers at SUNY Stony Brook succeeded in synthesizing the 7741 base poliovirus genome from its published sequence, producing the second synthetic genome. This took about two years of work. In 2003 the 5386 bp genome of the bacteriophage Phi X 174 was assembled in about two weeks. In 2006, the same team, at the J. Craig Venter Institute, had constructed and patented a synthetic genome of a novel minimal bacterium, Mycoplasma laboratorium and were working on getting it functioning in a living cell.
"Synthetic Life" is already a fact.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synthetic ... thetic_DNA
Wikipedia on Craig Venter wrote:Venter is seeking to patent the first partially synthetic species possibly to be named Mycoplasma laboratorium. There is speculation that this line of research could lead to producing bacteria that have been engineered to perform specific reactions, for example, produce fuels, make medicines, combat global warming, and so on.
Personally these developments are very disturbing, but so are developments in the physical sciences ... particularly the ones related to war and the spreading global conflict... eg: robotics and computing. Synthetic Life has recently been created with an extra two non-natural (non-functioning) bases. These developments are only held in control by non-binding ethical considerations. Separate developments such as this one are continuing as we speak.Synthetic life in Wikipedia wrote:In the area of synthetic biology, a living "artificial cell" has been defined as a completely synthetically-made cell that can capture energy, maintain ion gradients, contain macromolecules as well as store information and have the ability to mutate. Nobody has been able to create such an artificial cell.
The first living organism with 'artificial' DNA was produced by scientists at the Scripps Research Institute as E. coli was engineered to replicate an expanded genetic alphabet.
A completely synthetic genome was produced by Craig Venter, and his team introduced it to genomically emptied bacterial host cells, and allowed the host cells to grow and replicate.
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